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 Freedom of Information Act 2000
Country: United Kingdom
Focus: Electronic and Mobile Government, Citizen Engagement, Internet Governance
Description: The Freedom of Information Act 2000 received Royal Assent on 30 November 2000 and came fully into force on 1 January 2005. It provides clear statutory rights for any member of the public to apply for access to information held by bodies across the public sector, together with a strong enforcement regime. The main features of the Act are: a general right of access to information held by public authorities in the course of carrying out their public functions, subject to certain conditions and exemptions in most cases where information is exempted from disclosure there is a duty on public authorities to disclose where, in the view of the public authority, the public interest in disclosure outweighs the public interest in maintaining the exemption in question a new office of Information Commissioner, and a new Information Tribunal, with wide powers to enforce the rights d a duty imposed on public authorities to adopt a scheme for the publication of information. The legislation will apply to a wide range of public authorities, including Parliament, Government Departments and local authorities, health trusts, doctors'' surgeries, publicly funded museums and thousands of other organisations in England, Northern Ireland and Wales.

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