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1.28b Chinese Covered by Medical Insurance
Source: Xinhua
Source Date: Thursday, October 13, 2011
Focus: Electronic and Mobile Government, Internet Governance
Country: China
Created: Oct 18, 2011

China's three basic medical insurances programs currently cover 1.28 billion people, or 95.5 percent of the nation's total population, the government said on Wednesday.

The number of people covered by a medical insurance program for urban employees, an insurance program for unemployed urban citizens and the new rural cooperative medical care system is 154 million greater than that of 2008, a State Council healthcare reform office said in a press release.

Nearly 8 million retirees from bankrupted enterprises and companies in poor financial condition are covered by the basic medical insurance programs.

The government accelerated its healthcare reform in April 2009 by unveiling a three-year plan with an investment of about 850 billion yuan to provide affordable, fair and high-quality healthcare services.

The reform gives special priority to China's vast rural population, especially farmers, whose annual per capita income is about 1,595 yuan ($250).

As of June, 832 million people, or more than 90 percent of China's rural population, have joined the rural cooperative medical care system, thanks to enhanced subsidies for rural residents.

The system has allowed rural residents to recover as much as 70 percent of their hospitalization fees in 2011, much higher than the 50-percent cap created in 2008.

The release said the system, which is largely funded by donations and government allocations, acquired 16.6 billion yuan in funding this year, a 75-percent increase over the amount of funds raised in 2008.

The assistance system has benefited nearly 100 million people, mainly poor, disabled and elderly people.
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