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Mauritius: Gender Statistics: More Women Occupying High Posts in Government Services
Source: SADC Contribution
Source Date: Tuesday, October 23, 2012
Focus: Electronic and Mobile Government
Country: Mauritius
Created: Oct 23, 2012

According to the ESI, women’s participation in decision making is increasing but remains low. In 2010, there were only 13 women parliamentarians out a total of 69. Although the number of female candidates at the National Legislative Assembly increased nearly four fold over the past 20 years, they represented only 11% of the candidates at the 2010 National Legislative Assembly Election.
Similarly, the number of female parliamentarians increased, but comprised less than 20% of the total number in 2010. There were only three women Ministers out of a total of 25 (12%).
As regards population, in 2010 there were 17,540 more women than men. It is projected that female population will exceed male population by around 28,000 in 2050. Women live seven years longer than men. The life expectancy at birth for women was 77 years compared to 70 years for men in 2010.
Women now give birth to fewer children than in the past. The total fertility rate, which is an indication of the average number of babies born to a woman during her childbearing period, has been generally declining, from 2.4 in 1992 to 1.5 in 2010.
In the 1990’s, women in the age bracket 20-24 years had the highest fertility with 147 births per 1,000 women of that age group. The peak fertility moved to the age bracket 25-29 years in 2010, with 91 births per 1,000 women of that age group. This shift is mostly explained by women postponing marriage to an older age.
In fact, over the years both men and women are getting married at an older age. From 1990 to 2010, women, on average, postponed marriage by three years and men by two years. Women generally marry men who are older than them. Over the past 20 years, the age difference between husband and wife narrowed down from 4.7 years to 3.7 years.
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